A Complete Guide To Technical Debt And How To Manage it

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Technical debt is an unfortunate reality of software development. 

It occurs when a team finishes a new feature or a new project and realizes it took too long to finish. To fix this, the team will spend more time than what was originally planned in order to finish the project. This is because the team is now in technical debt. The longer it takes to fix the project, the more debt the team accumulates. 

The end result is that the team eventually starts to spend more time and money than what was originally planned. The team will eventually be stuck in a never-ending cycle of debt and work. The only way to break the cycle is to manage it. 

In this article, we discuss what technical debt is, why it’s bad, and what you can do to manage it.

What Is Technical Debt?

Technical debt is the cost of having a codebase that is not well tested or constantly evolving. The cost is the time and money spent to fix the code base, which is typically not worth the effort. Technical debt can be a result of poor coding practices or a lack of planning. It is best to avoid technical debt altogether by making sure the code base is well tested and planned.

Why Is Technical Debt Bad?

Technical debt is bad because it can make software development take longer, be less profitable, and cause a lot of frustration. It is also bad for the environment as it adds a lot of pollution to the world. So how can we manage it? The best way is to identify when you are in debt and to try and pay it off as quickly as possible. The worst thing you can do is to ignore it and hope that it just goes away. It is also important to know how to identify where you are in technical debt. What are some of the signs that you are in debt?

The reasons why technical debt is bad and how it impacts your business:

1. It reduces forward motion.

2. It is built of poorly designed code.

3. It gives you a poor performance.

4. It drains your productivity.

How To Manage Technical Debt?

Managing technical debt is an important part of any software project. It is possible to not have any technical debt, but most of the time it is not an option. It is important to know how to manage your technical debt so that you can keep your project on track and keep your users happy.

Technical debt can not only increase development costs if you do not manage it properly. It may result in losing customers' interest and being prone to cyberattacks.

There are several processes and techniques to keep technical debt under control, including:

  • Make sure you define and track debt,
  • Prioritize debt tasks at first,
  • Follow agile development approach,
  • Conduct regular meetings of owners, managers, and engineers,
  • Conduct setting coding standards,
  • Implement instituting code/design/test reviews,
  • Create automated tests,
  • Conduct code refactoring.


You can't avoid technical debt, but you can manage it. If you are currently struggling with technical debt, the following are some tips to help you manage it.

1. Understand the concept of technical debt.

2. Start small.

3. Plan for the long term.

4. Reward yourself.

5. Be patient.

6. Be flexible.

7. Be realistic.

8. Avoid being over-confident.

9. Be careful.

Topics : Web Development

Guest Author

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