There are a variety of frameworks and updates releasing every day that sometimes it might become tough to keep up with the developments. It gets difficult to decide which one may be right for your project.
Before you get started, you should do a practical run through, and research, for which we have created this in-depth guide for you to be used as a reference.
In this article
Efficient: Inclusion of structured pre-built functions and patterns enable faster completion of projects. Developers end up writing less code resulting in the faster accomplishment of projects.
1. Angular 5
Angular 5 is a powerful and easy to use front-end development framework. It has made Angular faster, with improved loading times.
After the release of AngularJS the previous year, Angular 5 is its latest successor. Freshly coded in 2018, this framework comes with an opinionated and full-featured framework that provides defaults for development language, build toolchain, state management and data fetching.
The most notable feature of Angular 5 is its use of TypeScript as the default developmental language. Not only has the use of this language made the framework much efficient and faster, it has also opened doors for developers coming from object-oriented languages like C# and Java.
GitHub Stars: 33000+
- The TypeScript 2.4 version is supported by Angular 5.
- Errors are detected as you type.
- The new feature of string-based enums has been introduced, which indicates that enum can be expressed with a string rather than a number.
- Angular 5 has simplified the development of progressive web applications.
- The build optimizer function removes unnecessary code.
Pros of using Angular 5:
- Angular 5 comes with well-tested defaults and a fully featured and optimized framework.
- Since the language is coded in TypeScript, it opens the doors for those who come from the background of using OOPs like Java and C#.
- The framework comes with strong corporate support from Google.
- It clears the best practices for users.
Cons of using Angular 5:
- The program has several new and updated features which elevate the learning curve.
- For some users, TypeScript can be a barrier rather than an advantage
- In the benchmark test, the framework scores poor startup metrics
Popular Examples: Google Adwords, Adsense, PayPal, Amazon, Upwork, Gmail, JetBlue, Vevo
Pro tip: Angular 5 is the right choice for creating scalable web applications for enterprises.
2. React Native
GitHub Stars: 89000+
- Allows developers to create standalone builds for iOS and Android with one configuration file.
- Expo does the momentous task of creating new builds for Android and iOS, with just a click.
- Fast publishing of app updates.
Pros of using React Native:
- This framework is hugely among the developers of today.
- If you are a beginner or newbie, there are a number of training resources and third-party libraries which will help you accelerate your learning.
- This is preferred for cross-platform teams like those using web, mobile, and desktop at the same time.
- The framework is highly versatile
- The framework comes with strong corporate support from Facebook.
Cons of using React Native:
- The framework comes with an abundant list of choices which can be daunting at the beginning.
- The best practices might not be clear to newcomers at the start.
- If you intend to build large applications, the learning curve can be a little steep.
Popular Examples: Companies such as Facebook, Instagram, New York Times, Whatsapp and Dropbox use React Native.
Node.js uses an event-driven and single-threaded loop to create web development applications.
GitHub Stars: 50167+
- Easy Installation and execution
- Multiple platform compatible code
- Concurrent architecture facilitates the creation of network applications
- High performance of HTTP and TCP protocols
- Reduced Page Loading time
- A low number of servers to host applications
Pros of using Node.js:
- Node.js comes with a robust technology stack
- Is event-based and super-fast in operation
- If used for microservices, the framework has the scope for more development.
- The framework has a rich ecosystem
- The framework comes with corporate support from Joyent.
Cons of Node.js:
- There are certain performance and design issues
- A hint of immaturity is present in the tooling
Popular Examples: Brands such as LinkedIn, NetFlix, Walmart, Trello, Uber, Medium, eBay, and Groupon use Node.js.
Pro tip: Node.js is suitable for business applications which include high data processing.
Meteor.js is an open-source platform for creating real-time web-based applications. Its ability to produce cross-platform code allows faster development of applications.
GitHub Stars: 39000+
- Responsive Design (Runs smoothly on desktop and mobile phone)
- Push your app to deployment with a single command
- Real-time Updates (changes are updated instantly)
Pros of using Meteor.js:
- The framework is immensely easy to use even for beginners.
- There is an abundance of libraries and packages
- Comes with the feature of seamless communication between server and client
- Comes with a real-time testing tool
Cons of using Meteor.js:
- Rendering at the server end is a little slow
- There is only backend support by MongoDB
- Native Widget Library is absent in the package
- Heavily dependent on network connectivity
Popular Examples: Paylas.io, eFounders, Down to Chill, Glympse, SuiteCharts, and Enfluence.io are some brands which deploy Meteor.js.
Vue.js is often referred to as a new addition to the market by users. Although the framework has been around since 2013, it has only gained popularity in the last couple of years. Unlike other frameworks in the list, this development was not backed by a major organization. The entire operation is dependent on some corporate and individual donations. Of all the frameworks present in this list, Vue.js is one of the easiest to learn because of its intense simplicity. This fact has heavily contributed to its popularity.
GitHub Stars: 84000+
- Vue.js is of small size (18-21 KB). Users can download it and easily use it.
- Its simple structure makes it easy to understand and use, saving time.
- Allows easy integration with existing applications
- Comprehensive documentation allows users to easily write their applications
- Better TypeScript Integration
Pros of using Vue.js:
- The learning curve of this framework is easier than the others mentioned in this list.
- The documentation is very clear at the beginning itself.
- The framework has a huge following due to its popularity
- It has the fair performance among all the frameworks in the above list.
Cons of using Vue.js:
- The current demand for React and Angular is significantly more than that of Vue.js
Popular Examples: Brands such as Alibaba, Xiaomi, Adobe, Grammarly, GitLab, EuroNews, WizzAir, and Laracasts use Vue.js.
Ember.js is a good choice for startups. It allows developers to create scalable user interfaces.
Originally authorized by Yehuda Katz, Ember is based on the MVVM pattern. It has a rich feature set, and its creator is famous for being a contributor and creator to a number of open source projects.
GitHub Stars: 33000
- Well-defined Structure
- MVC architecture supports data binding
Pros of using Ember.js:
- The best practices are very clearly stated
- It is very well established in the market
- The framework comes fully featured
Cons of using Ember.js:
- The large size of the framework might act as an obstacle to certain users
- The learning curve for a newbie is pretty steep
- The framework is slowly losing popularity among developers
Popular Examples: Used by brands such as Intercom, Zendesk, Yahoo, Netflix, and Apple.
- Community Support
- Ease of implementation
|Framework||Features||Documentation||Community Support||Ease of Implementation|
||Limited Official Documentation||Divided Community Support|
||Poor Documentation||Strong Support|
||Limited Documentation||Active Community Support|
||Limited Documentation||Active Community Support|
||Well-written Documentation||Lacks widespread support|
||Good Documentation||Strong Community Support|
Here’s the insight:
What: Define the requirements of the application- what it must do, the system it will interact with, the scalability & security factor and further. Each framework has its own features and particularities that make it suitable to solve a certain set of problems. The chosen framework must meet the end goal and fulfill predictable requirements.
When: Time span is yet another important non-technical consideration. The time-frame is impacted by different factors such as project need, economics and others.
Most of us who just finished reading this guide will end up using either of the big three frameworks as mentioned in the above article. Using either Vue, React or Angular is a great choice and therefore this guide holds value.
There are also many small frameworks in the market that are a fantastic place for learning.
The conclusion: there are a number of frameworks available out there which can get the work done and fill the bill but are not necessarily the best in the market. Therefore, having access to a list like this holds immense worth and value for you, the reader.
<em>Updated on 11th July 2019</em>